The word “bazaar” comes from an ancient word “wazaar” meaning market.Tehran Grand Bazaar. The word “baza” has been used in other countries such as Turkey, Arabic countries and India as well. Bazaars are historic marketplaces that provide trade services as well as other functions.
Their historic buildings are renowned for their architectural aesthetics. In old cities such as Tehran (Iran), they are considered the centerpiece of activities with architectural, cultural, historical, religious, and commercial values.
However, during the past 400 years, they have undergone social and environmental changes. The neighborhood of the Tehran Bazaar has in recent decades become degraded. Which has consequently decreased the social value of the
The ruined urban condition makes it impossible for contemporary visitors to have a pleasurable experience while visiting the Bazaar. Although that was historically their experience.
As Tehran began to grow, much of the trade and finance in the city has moved to the newly developed section of the city, diminishing the importance of the bazaars.
Grand Bazaar’s Role
The Bazaar in Tehran (Iran) flourished as an important, central market neighborhood since the foundation of the city in the 17th century.
Old Tehran consisted of five neighborhoods including the Bazaar. Which was confined within the fortifications” built in the time of the Safavid rulers of Iran (1501-1722).
When the second fortification was built during the Naseri Period of the Qajar dynasty (1796-1925), new neighborhoods were built close to the old ones.
One of these neighborhoods was Saboonpaz-khaneh neighborhood located on the south of the old Bazaar. It was the residential area for low-class people.
The Grand Bazaar is located in the center of the city of Tehran. The map of the evolution of the city of Tehran demonstrates that the Bazaar and the surrounding neighborhood has been the heart of the city for over 400 years.
The historic position of the Bazaar had led to many other historical architecture and landscapes. Located around the bazaar such as the Golestan Palace, a madrasa, mosques, wind towers (for cooling air).
Many other old residential structures that are identified as cultural heritage. A particular kind of architecture is associated with bazaars: a vaulted linear form with shops located on both sides.