The oldest of the historic monuments in Tehran, the Golestan Palace (Palace of Flowers). It belongs to a group of royal – buildings that were once enclosed within the mud-thatched walls of Tehran’s Historic Arg (citadel).
Golestan Palace Usage During Time
The Arg built during the reign of Tahmasb I (r. 1524- 1576) of the Safavid dynasty (1502-1736). And was later renovated by Karm Khān Zand(r. 1750-1779). With coming of the Qājār s to power in 1779, the Arg became the seat of their government of the Qājār. Who made Teheran the capital of the country and Golestan Palace became the official residence of the royal family.
During the Pahlavi era (1925-1979) Golestan Palace was used for formal royal receptions. The most important ceremonies to be held in the Palace during the Pahlavi era were the coronation of Reza Khan (r. 1925-1941) in Takht Marmar and the coronation of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (r. 1941-deposed 1979) in the Museum Hall.
Golestan Palace Architecture
The lavish Golestan Palace is a masterpiece of the Qājār era. It embodies the successful integration of earlier Persian crafts and architecture with Western inﬂuences. The walled Palace is one of the oldest groups of buildings in Teheran.
It built around a garden featuring pools as well as planted areas. The Palace’s most characteristic features and rich ornaments date from the 19th century. It became a center of Qājār arts and architecture of which it is an outstanding example. And it has remained a source of inspiration for Iranian artists and architects to this day.
It represents a new style incorporating traditional Persian arts and crafts and elements of 18th-century architecture and technology. In its present state, Golestan Palace is the result of roughly 400 years of construction and renovations.
The buildings at the contemporary location each have a unique history. On October 11, 2005, the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran submitted the palace to the UNESCO for inclusion into the World Heritage List in 2007. On June 23, 2013, it was proclaimed as world heritage site during the UNESCO meeting in Phnom Penh.
Golestan Palace Characteristics
It is located in the heart and historic core of Tehran. This Palace complex originally built during the Safavid dynasty in the historic walled city. Following extensions and additions, it received its most characteristic features in the 19thcentury. When the palace complex selected as the royal residence and seat of power by the Qājār ruling family.
The complex exemplifies architectural and artistic achievements of the Qājār era. Including the introduction of European motifs and styles into Persian arts.
It not only used as the governing base of the Qājār Kings but also it functioned as a recreational and residential compound. And it was a center of artistic production in the 19th century. Through the latter activity, it became the source and center of Qājār arts and architecture.
Golestan Palace Wonders
Golestan Palace represents a unique and rich testimony of the architectural language and decorative art during the Qājār era. Which they represented mostly in the legacy of Nāṣer al-Dīn Shāh. It reﬂects artistic inspirations of European origin as the earliest representations of synthesized European and Persian style. Which it then became so characteristic of Iranian art and architecture in the late 19th and 20th centuries.
As such, parts of the palace complex is as the origins of the modern Iranian artistic movement. The complex of Golestan Palace represents an important example of the merging of Persian arts and architecture. That, with European styles and motifs and the adaptation of European building technologies. Such as the use of cast iron for load bearing, in Persia.
As such Golestan Palace is considered an exceptional example of an east-west synthesis in monumental arts, architectural layout, and building technology. Which it has become a source of inspiration for modern Iranian artists and architects.