Golestan Province

yasaman abbasi

Golestan Province

The name Jorjan is the key to tracing it back in history. In the ancient texts and maps, Gorgan Province County corresponds to the land of Hyrcania. An ancient land in Iran which included the south and southeast of the Caspian region.

gorgan
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The Location

It also corresponds to the location of the present Golestan Province.  Including Bandar Abeskon, Astar Abad (town of Gorgan), and Dahestan County (named after the Daheh Tribe) to the north of the district. Dahestan County has been self-ruled at times, while at some other times it was a part of Hyrcana (Jorjan).

gorgan
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The Name

The ancient name of Jorjan is recorded as Varkân or Varkâna in the inscription of Darius in Bisotun, and asVehrkâna in Vandidād. The Persian form of Gorgan Province comes from the European form of Hyrcani or Hyrcania or Hyrcana, which was a part of the Median kingdom originally but was later listed among the possessions of the Achaemenids rulers.

The district of Jorjan or Gorgan as it is common among the Iranians is located to the southeast of the Caspian and takes in vast plains and valleys irrigated by the Gorgan and the Atrak rivers.

gorgan
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Although considered as a suburb governed by Khorassan, Gorgan was, in fact, an independent province. The change caused by the Mongols’ invasion made Gorgan a subordinate of Mazandaran.

The History

This district was, among others along the south of the Caspian, destroyed by the invasion of the Mongols, and was thoroughly demolished due to military expeditions of Tamerlane in the last years of the 8th century AH (14th -15th AD).

Being located along the route of the Silk Road was one major reason for 
Gorgan Province being commercially significant. In the year 94 AD, the Romans were major buyers of Chinese silk. Merchants would travel through Merv,Jorjan, Ray, and Hamadan to reach Ctesiphon.

gorgan
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The Environment

Gorgan is a pleasant town, with its buildings made of adobe. It has more arid soil than Amol as there is less rain in Gorgan than in Tabaristan. Passing through the town, the Gorgan River divides it into two parts along the river bank, linked by a bridge from one side to another.
Gorgan is on the east bank, and Bekr Abad along the west, with the area of the pair, almost matching that of Rayy.

The town had plenty of fruit gardens, and they produced silk there. There are creeks across the town with bridges and arches over them. There is a square in front of the governor’s seat of Gorgan; the city has nine gates, too.Gorgan was of great importance to the Shiites as the shrine is known as Goor-e Sorkh [the red grave], which belonged to one of the sons of Imam Ali was located there.

gorgan
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The Past and The Present

The residence is very generous; they were greater in number in the early years of Islam, but drastically dwindled during the rule of the Buyids due to the outbreak of cholera and wars. They were then massacred by the Mongols insomuch as the town was leveled to the ground. Now it is scarcely populated. 

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