Tomb Tower inside IRAN
It is generally accepted that after the much celebrated Gonbad-e Qābus was constructed in the northeast of Iran in 1006 AD, there appeared so many other tomb towers in other parts of Mazandaran province, other areas of Iran, and Central Asia to Anatolia, where Turks moved and ruled under the devotion of Islam.
History of Tomb Towers in Iran
Construction of tomb towers within the Iranian territory began after the advent of Islam. Although there are much speculation and theories relating these structures to the pre- Islamic times in Iran when the so-called Chartaqi (four-domed) buildings were built.
Clearly, the early shrines during the Islamic era were also the four-sided domed structures but during the later parts of the 10th Century AD, the recognition of the tomb towers prevailed over these structures.
The preference of the tower to the four-cornered buildings went so far that we can witness different important types of tomb towers between the years 1000 to 1200 AD.
A major part of these tombs was built for the emirs, army commanders, governors, and so like. In addition, a few family members of the Caspian coasts dynasties also built their own tomb towers.
Building Material of Tomb Towers in Iran
Most of these buildings are made of high – quality baked bricks assembled in a variety of decorative patterns. Usually in the shape of fixed spores and inscriptive bands placed either over the sole entrance door of the tower or below the dome where occasionally the niches and other decorative elements enhance their splendor. They are normally covered with polyhedral or conical domes.
The architecture of Tomb Towers in Iran
Simplicity in their external facades and emphasis on the alone slender Mille (pole) is the feature that enhances their visual impact on the visitors. In fact, the visual error intensifies their height influence.
Although most of these early towers only bear heights of 15 to 20 meters, they seem to be taller. Among them, Gonbad-e Qābus and Toqrol towers in Ray are actually very tall buildings.
During the Ilkhanids not much was added to the development and existing tradition although the tomb towers of this period reflect the current methods of the time.
Similar to its preceding period and as the distinguished flanged towers of Bastam, Varamin, and east Radkan show the general trend was still toward slender proportions.
While at later times this school of work was not the dominant approach and instead the more massive octagonal bodies with their sixteen sides bands covered by polygonal domes became more in use.
We can rarely find tomb towers during the Timurids era and in fact, these kind of buildings were no longer popular then as they were previously.