Category: ancient

Persepolis (First Part)

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Persepolis (First Part)

Parsa, PArseh, Takht-e Jamshid – Persepolis, site located in the southwest Iranian province of Fars, on the eastern edge of the broad plain called Marv Dasht (29°57′ N, 52°59′ E) Near Shiraz.  Apartment For Rent in Tehran   persepolis . Persepolis (First Part)

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The Achaemenid Persian ruler Darius

I the Great (522-486 BCE) elected to build a new dynastic seat here to replace the prior capital, Pasargadae , some 40 km (25 mi.) to the north.

The site includes a lofty stone terrace close to 450 m long and 300 m wide (see figure below).

the substantial remains of a series of relief-decorated palatial buildings

a fortified hill directly to the east; and a series of lesser representational buildings on the adjacent plain.

The settlement in which the common people lived has not been identified. The sheer cliff face at Naqsh-i Rustam, 6 km (3.5 mi.) to the north, is the dramatic setting for the rock-cut tombs of Darius the Great and three others of his line.

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Four trilingual cuneiform inscriptions (in Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian) on the gate of Persepolis combine with other textual evidence (Hallock, 1969) to affirm that Darius’s extensive palace fortress was given the same name, Parsa, as the surrounding homeland of the Persians.

Centuries later, when the original name and associations of the terrace had long been forgotten, certain of the carved figures in the doorway reliefs of Darius’s palace were taken to represent the mythical Jamshid, the great hunter and paramount ruler of Iran’s heroic tradition.

Thus, while Biruni, an eleventh-century Iranian scientist and geographer at the court of the Ghaznavids, was not without some knowledge of Alexander’s fateful actions at the site (see below) ,most medieval and later Persian visitors appear to have known the terrace and its associated remains as Takht-i Jamshid, or the “throne of Jamshid.”.

At the same time, the site’s currently preferred designation, Persepolis, is directly drawn from the name by which it was known to the ancient Greeks (an apparent contraction of Persai polis or “the city in Persis”).

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