Tag Archives: Jame mosque of Yazd

Gonbad Aali Tower and Its Similar Architectures

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Gonbad Aali Tower

Gonbad-i- Ali Tower at Abarquh is in central Iran. This octagonal tomb consists of a tower of rubble masonry, rather than the traditional brick. And features a bold three-tiered muqarnas cornices, also of rubble, that once probably supported a pyramid roof.

gonbad aali tower

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Further use of advanced mathematics in medieval Islamic architecture of Iran, especially the period between the Seljuk and the Timur dynasties. It is evident in the height of the towers and entrances, and the two shelled domes, used in the mosques of various cities.

gonbad aali tower

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The Architecture

The lofty minarets, with their ambitious construction and rich geometric and epigraphic decorations, were designed and constructed with immense skill. Construction techniques have not been studied thoroughly. But the continued ability of these slender towers to resist earthquakes suggests that their builders employed some sophisticated method. Perhaps wooden tie beams, to give tensile strength to the structure.

gonbad aali tower

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Other Architectures Similar to Gonbad Aali

Other examples are the Masjid-i-Jameh at Tabriz and Masjid-i-Jameh at Varamine. The first one “consisted of a single immense Iwan of brick 99 feet wide, about 213 feet deep, to the springing of now collapsed vault. About 82 feet tall, shows an immense sahn5 with center pool and single-aisled porticoes.

While the latter had a small dome behind the main portal completes the portal iwan, the dome chamber is articulated, as is all else. By squinch filled with muqarnas in brick, which signals the transition from the square to the octagon.

tabriz jameh mosque

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Jameh Mosque of Yazd

Among a large number of examples of the close relationship between Iranian medieval architecture and geometry, there is the entrance of the Friday mosque, Masjid-I-Jame, at Yazd, situated near the center of this large city.

This Friday Mosque is notable for its exceptionally narrow pishtaq surmounted by twin minarets. The interior of the dome has an almost complete tile revetment. And the elimination of the rear wall of the iwan in the qibla side ensured, for the first time, that congregation in the court yard could see it.

Jame-mosque-Yazd

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The upper galleries produce a considerable lightening of the dome chamber, both visually and structurally. And a more complex succession of solids and voids. The same considerations are found in the transverse vaulting of the prayer hall.

The principal entrance to the mosque, which is composed of an iwan and the minarets from the 14th century, is exceptional in that it is the tallest entrance in Islamic architecture of Iran. The height achieved in this part of the structure would not have been possible without structural mathematical analyses. The height is stresses further by the ascending line molding of the minarets.

yazd jameh mosque

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The purpose of the tall towers or minarets was to create the sense of reaching to God. This sense could be embodied in the structure by narrowing the entrance as much as possible, and by making it as tall as possible, with the help of mathematical calculations.

Conclusion

By reviewing examples of medieval Iranian architecture, one becomes aware of its close relationship to scientific fields such as mathematics, geometry, cosmology, and astrology. This relationship made it possible to achieve perfection, monumentality and poetic beauty. It is wisdom within the art.

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Jame Mosque of Yazd

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Jame Mosque of Yazd

Jame mosque of Yazd is one of the most precious historical heritages of art and a treasure of Islamic architecture located in the city of Yazd. This mosque consists of a rectangular courtyard of 99*104 meters with a dome and Iwan at the Mecca side. Which there are high Shabestans at its two sides.

Jame-mosque-Yazd

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The southern Shabestan link to an embowed catacomb which is located at the back of the main door. This door head which repaired many times in recent years. It has modified proportions which are from the characteristics of the late fourteenth century and a pair of minarets is located at the upper part of it (Golombek, 1995, 495).

Islamic architecture of Iran is the result of the natural continuation of the architecture of different periods. Timurid architecture is, in fact, the continuation and development of Seljuk architecture.

The architectural focus on building mosques and other buildings, alongside a wide variety of buildings with different functions. Using maps with the dominant element of the Iwan (porch), domes and apron, great ability in establishing the structures of arches and domes. Use of available materials, and artistic and extensive use of decorative plaster. The like, are among the features of Iranian architecture in the Timurid period.

Timurid architecture

Timurid architecture, benefiting from Ilkhani and Seljuk and using Iranian architects and artists, gained strong and complete structure and principles. Which the buildings remained from this period show these features very well. That features such as orientation toward greatness, progress in a variety of decorations, growth, and excellence in vaulting techniques and crisscross vaults and geometry application.

 Jame-mosque-Yazd

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Examples built in the Timurid period welcomed by many architects and artists and used as a perfect model for the architects of the next periods. Among the famous and important mosques in this period we can refer to Jame Mosque of Yazd.

Due to common physical characteristics of the architecture of mosques in Timurid style, results indicate that the
architecture of the mosques in this period have similarities with the mosques of Seljuk and Ilkhani periods. In terms of function, structure, and decorations.
The details of each period differ from the others, but they have many similarities in terms of general principles.

Architectural Space Features

Jame Mosque of Yazd is the oldest example of that design consisting of a summery vault Maghsoore, and a high rectangular Shabestan or mostly called wintery mosque.

Jame-mosque-Yazd

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The second important feature is the extensive application of all-around vaults (vault and rib) in the rectangular Shabestans.

The third feature is the eye-catching glazed tile decoration (Golombek, 1995, 594).

Furthermore, The main square-shaped tholos has one open central spout towards the Iwan and two pass ways towards iwan’s screws that some loges were built on them later.

And the main side walls of the tholos have also central wide spouts which there are smaller spouts aside them, but the size of the central spouts have been reduced (Golombek, 1995, 595).

Vault, Dome, and Iwan

Jame Mosque of Yazd was built in Khorasani style with a tint of columned Shabestan. Which today nothing is left from that and instead, a columned Shabestan have been built at the east of its Miansara.

Jame-mosque-Yazd

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The tholos and the Shabestans of south Miansara were built in Azerbaijani style. The tholos has a discrete double-shell dome. The parietal is a Nari dome and itself is a dome with light Shabdari hasp (Chefd). Which for some reasons at the time of working, has been used as harsh Shabdari. The inside of ribs is filled with KhanchePoosh style (Pirnia, 2001, 233-234).

The Building Methods and Decorations

The dome is decorated with a beautiful geometric thousand weaves design. The Mihrab has Moarragh tiles and has a Mogharnas vault at the top. Which is inside a rectangular frame.

Jame-mosque-Yazd

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The walls of tholos have a surbase of light blue hexagonal tiles. Which is located inside a narrow strip of Moarragh tiles. Various drawings of Moarragh tiles and can be seen in the courtyard that probably most of them are new repairs.

These decorations with floor bricks and the drawings of Moallaghi and inscriptions of Moarragh tiles and Kufic ones have created an innovative and breathtaking collection that provokes admiration of the beholder (Golombek, 1995, 596).

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